William and Ann Warland (Harbin) - Corfe Mullen - links to Australia

The Warland family had a connection to Corfe Mullen going back to at least 1620. See this page for further information.

A Johan Warland [sic], a widow from Winterborne (believed to be the area between present day Winterborne Kingston and Winterborne Zelston, about 10 - 15 kms west of Corfe Mullen as seen in the map above), married Thomas Church in Corfe Mullen on 11 May 1654. It is not known if there was a Warland presence in Winterborne but it is noteworthy that Johan moved to Corfe Mullen.

Around 1790 - William and Ann Warland of Corfe Mullen

William Warland (28 October 1765, Canford Magna, Dorset, England - 12 June 1838, Spettisbury, Dorset, England) was the son of William Warland (22 December 1722 - 1 April 1801) and Jane (Jenny) Dunford (? - 14 February 1796) of Canford Magna. At some point before 1791 he moved to Corfe Mullen a few miles to the south-east and farmed in that area.

William Warland (recorded as a 'yeoman/farmer' of Corfe Mullen) married Ann Harbin (1769 - 1843)(also of Corfe Mullen) on 17 May 1791 in St Huberts, Corfe Mullen. Witnesses to the wedding were John Warland and Susana Comings. William and Ann Warland had the following children, many of whom moved to Australia (click on names with links):

All of William and Ann Warland's sons except John and Christopher migrated to Australia - see below.

Jane Warland (1792 - 1856) married William Polden (1789 - 12 August 1856 in Poole, UK) on 21 December 1813. They had the following children:

Note: Another Jane Warland of Corfe Mullen married William Thomas Owen, a batchelor of Portsmouth, on 14 April 1814 'with the consent of parents'. It is not yet clear who this Jane was.

Introduction of the Corn Laws puts pressure on farmers

It is likely that the William and Ann Warland and their children aged from 20 to 1 were affected (and possibly influenced to migrate - although the expiration of a lease in 1839 may have influenced the decision too - see below) as a result of the introduction of the Corn Laws in 1815. These laws were enacted in the UK in 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars left the UK almost in a state of famine. Bread was precious and it was illegal for a baker to sell his loaves until after they had been out of the oven for at least 24 hours. The penalty for defying this law was harsh. Bakers were fined as much as five pounds and court costs. Only well-off farmers and landlords profited from these laws, and they were the ones who would make sure that the price of grain remained as high in good times as it had been in bad. The landlords who wanted to keep prices inflated were the majority in Parliament, and the Corn Laws were not hard to pass. The enactment of the Corn Laws was said to be disastrous for the common worker, and riots broke out in London and other parts of the country. The laws remained in effect until 1846 when they were repealed.

Lives of the children of William and Ann Warland

John Warland (1798 - 1865) married Ann Marie Stickland (1797 - 1855) on 13 August 1818 in Corfe Mullen, Dorset, England. His brother Christopher Warland and Ann Lesly were witnesses to the wedding. Click this link for information about the life of John and Ann Marie Warland.

William and Ann Warland's unmarried son, William Henry Warland departed for Australia in 1823.

It worthy of note that on 15 February 1827, William Henry Warland wrote to the NSW Land Board requesting a grant of land, stating that he was '... a single man ... bred to Agriculture from my youth, my family having occupied a farm belonging to Sir John Webb in Dorsetshire for upwards of 200 years'. This stated connection with the farm belonging to the Webbs first goes back to possibly the mid to late 1600s when possibly John Warland (abt 1620 - ?), or his son John Warland (1650 - 1730), was farming on that land. It then continued on a more formal basis from 1 January 1739 when a 99-year leasehold contract was signed by William Henry Warland's great-uncle Robert Warland (1694 - 1758) with Sir Thomas Webb Baronet, then Lord of the Manor of Great Canford in the County of Dorset. The expiration of this lease may have been one of the reasons for the decision to migrate, although it is not clear if William and Ann Warland were still living on that leased land - it was more likely to have been William's second cousins from Robert Warland.

In another document, dated 18 February 1828, and apparently in support of Warland’s letter, Dr Reid stated that the Warlands were '... very extensive farmers, but suffered severely in the late distresses of the agriculturalists ...' - likely a reference to the Corn Laws. Reid described Warland as '... one of the best farmers and judges of livestock in the colony ...'

Christopher Warland (1800 - 1848) married Catherine ROBERTS (Surname also noted as Rabbets) and they had the following children:

Correspondence dated 23 September 1833 indicated that William Henry Warland returned to the UK in this year. It is likely that he suggested migration to his brothers at that time. He returned again in 1841, this time to marry.

Christopher and Catherine Warland and family do not appear to be present in the 1841 census. A 'Christopher Warland', aged 45, is probably not the same person. At some point the family entered into the drapery business - see below re the 1851 census.

James Warland, a carpenter, married Frances (Fanny) Childs (1796 - 22 December 1882) on 29 June 1823 at Old Church, Saint Pancras, London, indicating he had moved to London by that time. Frances Childs is believed to have been from Dorset also, but may have already been in London where she met James.

James and Frances had four children in England (Source: English baptism records from www.findmypast.co.uk, England Births & Baptisms 1538-1975):

Note: An Ann Warland, aged 1 and born in 1833, living at John Street, Surrey (Parish Lambeth, St John the Evangelist, Waterloo, Surrey), died in 1834. This is not all that far from St Pancras so it could be the same person. As William had also died, this means that James and Frances Warland had only two children.

On 7 June 1837, James Warland, a 29 year old carpenter living at 34 Compton Street, Brunswick Square, with Frances and children (shown as M5.9/F7 - probably Ellen and Henry), applied for free passage to South Australia (Record 1113).

A bit over a year later, on 11 July 1838, James Warland (now a carpenter and joiner) and his family (listed as children M8.1/F9), then living at 8 Yorke Street, (off?) East Commercial Road, Stepney, along with James' brother George Warland, an unmarried farm servant living at Tollard West, Salisbury, prepared to leave England on the Rajahsthan. Their embarkation record noted that their brother 'W.H. Warland L.H.' was somehow linked with their migration agent, E H Mears.

1838/1839 - two years of major changes

William Warland (born 1765) died on 12 June 1838 at Spettisbury, Dorset, England, halfway between Blandford Forum and Sturminster Marshall. St Hubert's church at Corfe Mullen has a memorial to William, suggesting that he was away - possibly working as a labourer - from his normal place of residence (in Corfe Mullen), and his body returned there for burial.

In July 1838, William and Ann's sons George Warland, a single farm servant working at Tollard W, Salisbury, and James Warland, a carpenter with a wife and children, boarded the Rajahsthan bound for Australia on 31 July 1838 under the command of Captain Ritchie, with 223 passengers.

Edward Warland left England sometime after his brothers, arriving in Sydney in December 1838 and moving to the same general area of 'New England' as his older brother.

William and Ann Warland's daughter Ellen Warland died in 1838 aged 25.

Elizabeth Warland (1809 - ?), a spinster of full age, servant of Stetisbury and daughter of (the late) William Warland labourer, married William Goobey, a 'bachelor of full age, labourer at Tarrant Keyneston' and son of Thomas Goobey, labourer, on 20 November 1838.

William Warland with his wife Alicia (nee Ferris)(1809 - 1867) and their children, as well as Robert Frederick Warland and his wife Eliza (Hordern)(and some of Eliza's family also), left England for Australia in mid 1839.

1841 onwards - Ann Warland (nee Harbin) dies - census records commence

William Henry Warland returned to the UK sometime in 1840/1841 and married Susannah Clark (1806 - 1888) in 1841 in Farnham, Surrey. He returned to Australia on 3 March 1842 on board the Royal George which departed England on 28 October 1841. Possibly around this time, but definitely before 1851, Warland's nephew William Warland (Abt 1822 - 1893) and his niece Emma Ann Warland (born 1827), children of his brother John Warland (1798 - 1865), and the latter’s husband Mr Alfred Hayle, departed for Australia and lived in the same general area as William.

Ann Warland (nee Harbin) appears in the 1841 census for Dorset, aged 70 and 'independent'. She was also buried at St Hubert's when she died in 1843.

William and Ann's son Christopher Warland (husband of Catherine) died in 1848. His youngest child Elizabeth was 20 at the time.

The 1851 census shows both Catherine Warland and her son John William Warland as drapers, perhaps working together after the death of Christopher in 1848. John's wife Martha and their children Elizabeth and Christopher also appear in the 1841 census.

By the time of the 1861 census, John William Warland and family had moved north to Inglesham in Wiltshire where they continued to work as drapers. The 1861 census shows that John's mother Catherine continued to live with them; John and Martha's two children Emily W Warland (aged 5) and Henry Warland (aged 2), are also listed in the same location. Their sons Christopher (born 1849) and John (born 1852) are likely to be the boys of those names recorded as students at Dorchester, aged 11 and 8 respectively. The location of their daughter Elizabeth (born 1847) is not known.

In 1864, following the death of her brother William Henry Warland in New South Wales, Elizabeth Gooby instituted a case in the High Court in the UK (Warland vs Gooby 1864, W., No 161), possibly in an attempt to gain control of some of the proceedings of the sale of the properties.

John and Martha Warland's daughter, Elizabeth Warland (born 1847), married Frederick Boulter Cooke in 1865. His uncle, John Warland, died in 1865.

William Henry Warland's wife, Susannah Warland, aged 65, appears in the 1871 census in Hampshire, and again (aged 75 and born in 1806) at Poole, Dorset in the 1881 census. This was probably the same Susannah Warland, who had returned to her birthplace, quite possibly with the Hayles. Susannah died in 1888.

By the time of the 1871 census, John and Martha Warland were still recorded in the Dorset census, along with their children Christopher (now 21), Emily (now 15), Henry (now 12) and Catherine (now 8).

In the 1881 census, Martha Warland, now 59, is recorded at West Boro, Wimborne, with her daughter Catherine (aged 18) and a servant, Mary Adams. John Warland may be the John W Warland aged 56 from Tollard Royal, Wiltshire, an 'Accountant Valuer Stock Takes', recorded in London.

It is believed that Christopher Warland married Lucy (second name not yet known) around 1875. The 1881 census records only one Christopher Warland (aged 30), a warehouseman living at 30 Beech Street, St Luke, London with a Lucy Warland (aged 24) and two children, Martha Warland (aged 3) and Elizabeth Warland (aged 1).

Emily Warland is recorded in the 1881 cenus as a governess to the Mason family, No 1 Vansittart, Kirkleatham, Yorkshire. Her brother Henry is not obvious in the census.

John William Warland (snr) died in 1884.

While there is no record of any Christopher Warland or a Christopher and Lucy Warland in the 1891 census, there is a Charles Warland (aged 52 - sic, he would have been 42), a warehouseman, and a Lucy J Warland (aged 32)(linked with a 'Charles'), a draper, in London with children that match the two in the 1881 census plus additional children born since that date: Martha M Warland (aged 13), Eliza J Warland (aged 11), Fred C Warland (aged 9), Ellen A Warland (aged 7), Bernard H Warland (aged 2), Lucy J Warland (newborn). It is believed that this is the same family.

By the time of the 1901 census, Lucy Warland (aged 41) is a 'machinist shirt' living in Cripplegate, Middlesex, London with her children. Her daughters Martha Warland (aged 22) and Elizabeth (aged 20) are also a 'machinist shirt'. Fred Warland (aged 19) is a commercial clerk. Lucy Warland, aged 10 is recorded. Neither Ellen nor Bernard are obviously recorded.

The 1911 census records the children of Christopher/Charles and Lucy Warland in Fulham, London: Maud (probably Martha) Warland (aged 30), Elizabeth Warland (aged 29), Fred Warland (aged 28), Jessie (possibly Ellen) Warland (aged 28), and Lucy Warland, (aged 21).

See also the Australian section of this website.

Paged created 17 March 2013, updated 3 April 2017. Copyright Andrew Warland