Apart from NSW BDM records and newspapers (including those digitised on Trove, some other information on this page comes from the late Bob Anderson's book 'The Alvonian Andersons', extracted with permission of Bob's family.
Thomas Warland (baptised on 13 November 1803 at Charlton on Otmoor, Oxfordshire, England) was the son of Edmund Warland (1771 - 1839?) and Elizabeth Smith (1778 - 1856). Edmund Warland may be Edmund Warland who died in Bicester, Oxfordshire, in 1839, hence his non-appearance in the 1841 census; Elizabeth is recorded in the 1841 census.
Rebecca Mary Le Mare (1800 - 1867) was from a successful family, the daughter of Samuel Le Mare and Sarah Renshaw. Samuel Le Mare was born on 2 February 1770 in Saint Leonards, Shoreditch, London, England; Sarah Renshaw was born on 3 December 1770. Samuel and Sarah had ten children including Isaac Dunn Le Mare and Ann Mary Le Mare. For more information on the Le Mare family, please refer to this link: http://lemare.org.uk/
To quote Bob Anderson: 'It would be fair to assess her as a young woman of some refinement, speech and conduct. Her dress and interests were in keeping with her father's occupation.'
Thomas Warland appears to have worked as an apprentice in Samuel Le Mare's silk manufacturing firm in London, where he met Rebecca. They married sometime before 1828.
Thomas Warland appeared in the 1832 Postal Directory living at 20 Steward Street, Spital, as a silk manufacturer.(Source: Bob Anderson)
Thomas and Rebecca Warland had the following children (dates of birth estimated from 1841 census).
Warland family members have stated that there was another son, Henry Last Warland, who was born in 1833 in Stepney, UK, to Thomas and Rebecca Warland, but this person does not appear in census records or otherwise connected with this family, and so he has been excluded from further discussion. If he was their son, it is believed he died before 1867.
The 'Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of all the Bankrupts' published in 1843 by George Elwick, records that Thomas Warland, a silk manufacturer of Stewart St, Spitalfields, was declared bankrupt on 18 March 1834. It is not known what Thomas did after this event and whether he continued to work in the silk industry .
Thomas' brother Edmund Warland his wife Sarah (nee Cornford) migrated to Tasmania by 1837.
(According to Bob Anderson's book), about 1795, a William McLean married a Sarah Marshdale in Newton Stewart, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. One of their sons, Irwin McLean (14 January 1798 - 5 July 1885) married Jane Irwin in 1818. Irwin and Jane McLean had several children:
Irvin McLean, the son of William and Sarah McLean, arrived in Sydney on 20 February 1840 on board the Earl Grey, although the shipping records appear to show only three daughters: Margaret McLean (aged 21), Mary A McLean (aged 19), and Sarah McLean (aged 16). Ann Jane McLean and Eliza McLean were also believed to have arrived on the Earl Grey with their father. As there is no reference to Irvin's wife Jane Irvine, it is assumed that she died in Ireland or on board the ship on the way to Australia. It is understood that the McLean family took up land at Emu Plains, near Penrith in NSW on the eastern approaches to the Blue Mountains.
The McLean line has been documented in Patricia's book Family Fragments, expected to be published in 2017.
Thomas and Rebecca Warland appear in the 1841 census living in Minerva Street, Bethnal Green, Middlesex/London, where Thomas (a clerk, born 1804, birthplace not in London, aged 37) with Rebecca (born 1801, aged 40). His mother Elizabeth and brother Robert (a sawyer) are also recorded in the 1841 census; the former in Islip with three as yet unconnected Warlands: Henry Warland aged 20, and possible twins Emma and Ann Warland, both aged 15. Robert Warland and his family are in Noke.
Thomas and Rebecca Warland and their children departed London on the Barque Ann Grant on 4 November 1844 and arrived in Port Jackson on 12 March 1845. Australian shipping records notes that there were four boys and a girl.
Some time in 1846, Thomas and family travelled by paddlewheel steamship via Newcastle then up the Hunter River to the coastal port of Morpeth, and then on to Maitland where it seems he decided to set up a brewery. At the time, according to the 'History of Maitland', two breweries supplied the needs of the 28 hotels in and around Maitland. It is worth noting that Maitland had a population of 2,768 people in 1841. By 1861, the population grew to 7,747. (Source: Bob Anderson)
Sometime after arrival in Maitland, Thomas and Rebecca had a sixth child, Rebecca Sarah LeMare Warland (1846? - ?).
On 16 December 1846, Thomas Warland, 'at the Hunter Brewery, West Maitland', posted a notice (dated 14 December) in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser offered a £5 reward for the return of a red Durham cow, 'supposed to have been driven from Devonshire Street near the Race Courst on Friday the 11th instant'. He was noted in 1847 as a brewer at the Hunter Brewery in Bulwer Street Maitland.
Some time before March 1847, Thomas and Rebecca Warland ceased to live together. Around 7 March, Rebecca made an appeal to the magistrate's bench in Maitland and Thomas promised to pay £1/15s per week to his estranged wife for the maintenance of herself and their six children. Possibly in connection with this event, Thomas posted a notice in the Advertiser on 10 March 1847 saying that he would not be answerable for any debts concerned in his name without his written order.
Given that their eldest son Thomas Alfred Warland was 17 at this stage, it seems likely that he took on a leading role helping his mother, including (eventually) moving with her and other siblings to Sydney.
On 15 March 1847, Thomas hired a Nicholas Lane as a cooper in his Hunter Brewery for 12 months at the rate of £1/6s per week. As part of the agreement, Lane was permitted to consume two gallons of ale per week. (Source - Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, 28 April 1847, see below)
However, Thomas failed to pay the maintenance due to Rebecca. According to the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser of 17 March 1847, on Tuesday 16 March 1847, Rebecca, represented by a Mr Turner, returned to the magistrate's bench in Maitland to seek an order for the payment of maintenance from her husband who she said had only paid her 10 shillings. As a result, she was now 'entirely destitute'. Thomas claimed that £2/13s had been paid to Rebecca through a Mr Melville, 'besides other small sums, making up the amount he promised'. Mr Turner stated however that Rebecca's furniture had been seized for rent and then sold, and that was the source of the £2/13s. The bench ordered that Thomas pay a weekly sum of £1/15s, and also the costs of the case.
On Saturday 20 March 1847, Thomas posted an advertisement in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser as follows:
To the proprietors of Boiling Down and Salting Establishments, Spirit Merchants, and others. Thos Warland, of the Hunter Brewery, West Maitland, begs to inform the proprietors of the above-named establishments, and the public generally, that he has engaged with a person he has known for many years as the superintendent of a large coopering and back making concern, in London, and that he now intends to carry on the trade of a COOPER, in connection with the former business of the Brewery. T.W. has also made arrangements for regular supplies of Staves, Timber, &c., and feels confident that all orders entrusted to him will be executed to the satisfaction of those who may favor him with a trial. Hunter Brewery, Maitland, March 17th 1847.
On 14 April 1847, Thomas left his brewery and warned Nicholas Lane not to drink in his absence. 'As was the custom to allow customers to taste before they ordered', Lane allowed two customers to taste the ale and liquors. However, by the end of the day when Thomas returned he found them all drunk in the cellar. Upon his complaint, the two men left but one went with Lane in the premises to where his wife took her meals. Two hours later Thomas 'heard cries of murder' and found Lane's wife on her back on the floor, Lane standing by. A fight broke out and Lane struck Warland in the face; Lane then left work, owed £1/4/6 in wages, which Warland then refused to pay. A court case ensued on 27 April 1847. Mr Turner (Rebecca's lawyer) appeared for Lane and Mr Davies for Warland. 'The bench convicted Lane of the assault and breach of agreement, and sentenced him to pay a fine of 40s or be confined one month in Newcastle goal, beside losing the wages coming to him'. (Source: The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser of 28 April 1847)
On 9 November 1847, Rebecca again sought payment of maintenance. The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser of 10 November 1847 noted that Thomas was called - but did not appear - to answer a charge of non-payment of maintenance for a period of three weeks prior. According to the article, 'the bench ordered the sum owing to be paid forthwith, or Mr Warland to be imprisoned in Newcastle gaol till it was paid'. It does not seem that he was sent to gaol.
However, Thomas Warland again appeared in court on 18 April 1848. In this case, Thomas was accused of having broken an agreement with a George J Clarke for Thomas, as malster and brewer, 'to brew two trial brewings of ale' which, if good would earn him £2 per week and one-fourth part of the profits, but to bear no share in the losses'. The first attempt was not considered strong enough because of the close room and hot weather; the second, with fresh malt, was not considered saleable, and the third not completed as Thomas locked up part of the brewery under his control and refused entrance. 'After consultation the bench dismissed the case'. (Source: The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser of 19 April 1848)
Curiously, Thomas Warland then seems to vanish from the public records although he does get a mention in his son Arthur Henry Warland's marriage certificate in 1874 as a 'postmaster'; perhaps this looked better than 'brewer'. Family members believe he may simply have died before 1856, when the recording of births, marriages and deaths became compulsory.
Exactly how Thomas Alfred Warland (from Stockton) met Sarah McLean (1827 - 1859) is not known. One story says that they met at Liverpool Plains, Tamworth, anoter says it was Emu Plains, near Penrith. In either case, they married on 30 July 1850 at the Scots Presbyterian Church, Macquarie Street, Sydney, on 30 July 1850. Others present at the wedding were Sarah's sisters Eliza McLean and Ann Jane Waugh (nee McLean), the husband of William Waugh.
Thomas and Sarah Warland appear to have moved to Stockton (opposite the settlement at Newcastle) where their children were born. Thomas may have worked at the tweed factory at Stockton at first until the factory burned down in 1851. From that date, Thomas was variously recorded as a builder, brewer, lime merchant, lime-burner, and writing clerk. Thomas and Sarah Warland had the following children:
Sarah Warland was far from her family and her husband Thomas may not have been home very much, working as a lime burner. She attempted to end her own life on 5 November 1860, when her last child Edith was being weaned. Her death was reported in the Maitland Mercury of 10 November 1860, as the death resulted in an inquest before a coroner. According to the article, Sarah was: '... suffering from illness after her pregnancy and during weaning.' The coroner judged that she was '... in a state so far bordering on insanity as to render her unaccountable for her actions and unable to resist a sudden impulse. Before she died, she had had lowness of spirit, and could not rest ... got out of bed and prayed.' As no person answered her, she cut herself but did not die for a few days.
Thomas Alfred Warland re-married on 2 April 1861, this time to Sarah Stokoe (nee Priest) (1824 - 1890) a the residence of Rev W Dean of the primitive Methodist church. Sarah, at the time a dressmaker of Nwecomen Street, was the daughter of Edward Priest, a convict and the first blacksmith in Newcastle, and Elizabeth Flannagan (also known as Elizabeth Chapman), the daughter of Ann Mash/Marsh convict, and Robert Flannagan, convict. This was Sarah's third marriage. She had first been married to Henry Lambourne from 1845 to 1857, during which time she gave birth to five children. Henry died in 1857. She then married John Stokoe, and had one daughter from him before he died in 1859. (Source http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/edwardpri/pafg02.htm)
Sarah's siblings included Ann Susannah Priest, Mary Ann Sophia Priest, Emmeline Priest, Susannah Priest, Edward William Priest, Elizabeth Etheline Australia Priest, and James Priest (who appears again below).
Thomas and Sarah Warland had more children and may have moved to Sydney (along with his mother Rebecca and siblings). It must have been a very large family - Thomas had six children, Sarah had six, and they had more:
(Source for children's names: http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/edwardpri/pafg02.htm)
Note: The existence of so many people with the name Sarah creates a degree of confusion with this story.
Rebecca Warland is recorded at 3 Bullanaming Street, Redfern (now either King Street, Newtown, or Renwick Street, Alexandria), a suburb of Sydney, in 1863. She wrote a letter from this address to her nephew in New Zealand on 7 April 1864. Her daughter Rebecca Sarah Le Mare was living with her at the time; she was confirmed at St Paul's Redfern at the age of 18. According to Bob Anderson, Rebecca's older brother Samuel Renshaw Le Mare may have come to Australia where he lived but remained single. It seems possible that he linked up with his sister.
Thomas Alfred Warland's probable sister (since there is no other Warland with the name), Phillis Warland, took up work as a domestic servant in Sydney sometime before 1865. The Sydney Mail of 7 October 1865 noted that Phillis Warland had been assaulted by William Good Caporn who pushed her down stairs while in Caporn's domestic service' Caporn was fined 10s with costs. The Empire newspaper elaborated in its 6 October 1865 edition, noting that Caporn having 'been much irritated by complainant's insolent demeanour, pushed her down stairs, she being his servant'. Nothing further is known about Phillis.
It is believed that Thomas Alfred and Sarah Warland had moved to George Street, Redfern by 1866. They would have been living quite close to Thomas' mother.
Thomas Alfred Warland's mother, Rebecca Warland (nee Lemare, daughter of 'Samuel L and Sarah', which match her parent's names) died on 28 July 1867 in Redfern, according to NSW Death records. The cause of death was a 'sudden strangulated hernia'. She was buried at Camperdown cemetery.
Some time between 1848 and 1869, Thomas Warland (senior) appears to have moved away from Maitland and settled in Moonan Brook. On 29 September 1869, T Warland (likely Thomas Warland senior) was shown in an advertisement in the same paper as an agent at Moonan Brook for the sale of The Illustrated Sydney News, a monthly journal.
Thomas Alfred and Sarah Warland's infant daughter died in Redfern in 1869, according to NSW Death records.
Edmund Samuel Warland married Fanny Atkins at the Commercial Hotel in Tambo, Queensland, on 5 October 1870, to the rights of the Roman Catholic Church. Edmund stated on the certificate that he was 30 with a father Thomas Warland and mother Rebecca. Fanny Atkins stated that she was 26 years old, a servant, born in Goulburn NSW to a John Atkins and Betsie (possibly Elizabeth) Fisher. It is not yet known who John Atkins was or why Fanny was in Tambo. However, brothers Arthur Henry Warland (1838 - ) and Edmund Warland (1839 - ) were said to be in Victoria in the late 1860s; Arthur settled in Scone where he married in 1874 (see below). Perhaps on the way back north from Victoria the brothers passed through Goulburn and Edmund met Fanny Atkins, and then took her to Tambo - or maybe someone else did. Note: Edmund and Arthur's nephew (from their brother Thomas Alfred Warland), Alfred Augustus Warland, was a carrier working in the Blackall - Tambo area from around 1884. There may be a connection here between uncle Edmund and nephew Alfred Warland.
Thomas Alfred Warland was clearly in Sydney by 1870. The Newcastle Chronicle of both 7 and 14 June 1870 includes a notice for Thomas A Warland, 'Shipping and General Broker, Commission and Produce Agent' at Circular Quay and 9 Vickery's Chambers, Pitt Street, Sydney.
At some point in time, Thomas Alfred Warland made claim to the Earldom of Leicester. Thomas Alfred claimed that his grandfather Edmund had married one Mary Dutton, the sister of one Jane Dutton (died 2 Jun 1800). Jane Dutton had apparently married Thomas William Coke (1754 - ), later to become the Earl of Leicester on 12 August 1837. According to Burke's Peerage, the father of the Dutton girls, James Dutton, was the First Baron of Sherbourne. Thomas Alfred proclaimed that he was the only 'true and lawful heir to the said title and estates', despite the fact that the Earl and his wife had issue.
In fact, Thomas Alfred's great grandfather, Edmund, married Alice (not Mary) Dutton, in 1770. It is not known what became of Thomas Alfred's claim to the Earldom. However, he noted on his claim, 'A W - a copy'. This may be a reference to his brother Arthur Henry Warland.
Rebecca Sarah Le Mare Warland (1846 - 1939) married Alexander Paton Anderson of Viti Levu and the second son of Mr Robert Anderson of Dunedin, New Zealand, at St Bartholomew's Church Pyrmont (Sydney) on 7 October or December 1871. It was stated in the newspapers that she was the youngest daughter of 'John Warland' from Moonan Brook, a small village in the countryside around 170 kms north west of Maitland. Rebecca and Alexander Anderson then departed for Fiji and had the following childern (Source: Bob Anderson):
Alexander Paton Anderson died on 16 June 1888 at the Public Hospital, Suva. The cause of death was given as 'hydatid disease' that had afflicted him for two years. Rebecca had seven children, aged from 14 to 2. It would be a difficult time but they managed to survive.
Their daughter May Christina Anderson was remembered as 'Matron May Anderson' who worked tirelessly at the Colonial Hospital. She was described as follows: 'A quick an intelligent girl who soon became a proficient nurse. Her patients always spoke well of her kind and thoughtful care of them.' She was conferred the Order of the Royal Red Cross by Queen Victoria in 1899. May retired in 1920 and, for a few years from 1922, she lived with her mother in Katoomba. They returned to Suva where she cared for her mother (who died in 1939) and her brother. May Anderson died on 13 April 1962.
May's sisters Emily and Maud also became nurses. The twins, Arthur and Alexander, remained in Fiji. Arthur Anderson, a boat builder at Walu Bay, Suva, married later in life to Jessie Richmond. Alexander never married. While working for the Colonial Sugar Refining Company, Alexander suffered a workplace accident that left him with permanent brain damage.
Nora Anderson married a Mr Addis and moved to New Zealand.
Walter Edmund Anderson worked in various occupations in Fiji, including for Burns Philp and Co. He is understood to have sailed a yacht, with two crew members, from Fiji to Sydney to meet his wife to be, Edith Kate Warland. After a 'whirl-wind' romance, they were engaged to be married and returned by yacht to Fiji. They married in Suva on 21 October 1911. For more details, see the link.
Rebecca and Alexander Anderson's lives are documented in Bob Anderson's book, the Alvonian Andersons.
If there was any doubt that John Warland was the same person as Thomas Warland at Moonan Brook, it seems dispelled by the that that the Greville's Post Office Directory for 1872 lists Thomas Warland as the Postmaster for Moonan Brook in that year. It also lists Laurence Kiley, a shepherd who may appear below connected with a Rebecca Ann Warland, or it may be a child of Laurence with the same name. William Kiley, a shepherd at Brunah Creek, is also listed and is possible related to Laurence. (Source: http://www.family.joint.net.au/index.php)
It is believed that Thomas' son Alfred Henry Warland and his wife Flora and their family moved to the same area at some point, hence the appearance of Rebecca Ann Warland (Alfred's daughter) a bit later - see below.
Arthur Henry Warland (1838 - ), a son of of Thomas and Rebecca Warland was believed to have spent time with his brother Brander Le Mare Warland (aka Edward Warland) in the gold rushes near Scone in the early 1860s. When the gold rush faded, both brothers headed to Victoria to take over four thousand head of cattle.
Arthur Warland, a miner, married Flora McInnes (1846/1849, Ellerston, NSW - 8 November 1925, Scone), whose family was from Skye, Scotland, on 4/8 November 1874 in Scone, New South Wales. Flora's parents were Neil McInnes and Ann Macgiloray. At the time both were living in Moonan, north-east of Scone. Arthur and Flora Warland had four children:
Thomas Alfred Warland, the son of Thomas and Rebecca Warland and husband of Sarah Warland (nee Priest), died in Sydney of bronchitis on 23 April 1880.
On 30 August 1881, Thomas Alfred Warland's daughter Sarah (1861 - 1901) married Walter Henry Glover (1851 - 1913) at the lighthouse, Nelson's Head, Port Stephens. The marriage was recorded in the Australian Town and Country Journal, 1 October 1881. The notice, on page 41, states that Sarah was 'the second daughter of the late Thomas Alfred Warland of Newcastle'. Walter Glover was the son of William T Glover (1821/1824 - 1892)(the light-keeper at Nelson (formerly Nelson's) Bay near Newcastle until 1891) and Margaret Dow, and the brother of Robert Nelson Glover (1864 - ?).
The widow (again, this time of Thomas Alfred Warland), Sarah Warland (nee Priest, born 1824) also married in 1881 - she married her daughter Sarah's father in law William T Glover. This was her fourth marriage.
It is said that another son of William, Robert Nelson Glover, married Sarah's sister but there is no evidence for this marriage. However, in 1880 (according to NSW marriage records) William Glover's daughter Isabella Alice (Jemima) Glover (1862 - 1917) married Sarah Warland's (senior) brother James Priest (1828 - 1891).
After William T Glover died in 1892, it was believed that his brother in law James Priest became the light-keeper (however, this doesn't make sense because James died in 1891), followed by Sarah Warland (nee Priest)'s son Henry Edward Lambourne (1851 - 1922) (from her marriage to Henry Lambourne). Henry Edward Lambourne married his first cousin Lillah Priest, the daughter of his uncle George Chapman Priest (1839 - 1927)(Sarah's brother). Henry Edward and Lillah Priest's son, Henry Eggleston Lambourne, was drowned off Broughton Island in 1905 aged 21. Sarah was said to have had a daughter Jane Ann Lambourne who was drowned with her first child when the ship she was travelling in from Lord Howe Island sank. She had been returning for the birth of her second child. However, this information needs confirmation as she didn't have a child with that name. After James Priest died in 1891, Isabella Alice (Jemima) remarried; her descendants from this union still live in the Newcastle area.
Irvin McLean, the son of William and Sarah McLean, died in Penrith in 1885 (NSW BDM Ref 12727/1885). He was buried at the Emu Plains cemetery.
The Scone Advocate of 22 September 1888 noted that a Celtic-speaking Laurence Kiley was arrested for 'lunacy'. His sister Mary Mulcahey gave evidence stating that since a lawsuit in early 1887 Kiley had been getting worse and was refusing to work.
Sarah Warland (nee Priest), who married Thomas Alfred Warland, died in 1890. (Source: http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/edwardpri/pafg02.htm)
Phillis Warland, who may have been living at 336 Bourke Street, Surry Hills, was unlawfully assaulted by a Mrs Robinson in 1897, according to the New South Wales Police Gazette of 17 March 1897.
The Scone Advocate of 28 July 1905 noted the death, at her residence at Moonan Brook, of Mrs Kiley, relict of the late William Kiley of Branch Creek.
The same year, Lawrence Martin Kiley (1874 - 1944) married the daughter of Arthur Henry and Flora Warland, Rebecca Ann Warland (12 August 1882 - 26 December 1943) of Moonan Brook, on 3 December 1905 at Gundy, NSW. They had a number of children. (Sources: NSW Marriage Records, and also Kiley family history)
Arthur Henry and Flora Warland's son Neil Alfred Warland (1886, Scone - 1968 (not confirmed, not recorded in Ryerson Index) married an Agnes Jean Kiley (1888 - 1960) in 1907 and had one daughter Nora Linda Louise Warland. Nora married Henry Caulfield of Scone in 1924. (Sources: NSW marriage records and http://www.spirits-of-gallipoli.com/families/files/KILEY-E-Gen.pdf)
Arthur Henry Warland died in Granville, Sydney, in 1909.
It is not yet known exactly when or where (John) Thomas Warland senior died. There is no apparent record of his death in the NSW Death records or in the Ryerson Index. Perhaps he returned to the UK? He should not be confused with the infant John Thomas Warland, son of John Warland of 22 Bourke Street, Redfern, who died in December 1884. Another son of John Warland, named Lancelot Thomas Warland, died in April 1887.
Further details on the family members are available on request.
Page created 1985, last updated 9 April 2020. Copyright Andrew Warland.